by Sean Solomon
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What is it?

The Hubble Space Telescope is an orbital telescope hovering
over Earth's atmosphere that is able to take detailed pictures
of the universe which are then beamed back to NASA.
Hubble has sent hundreds of photos to Earth which helped us
unlock mysteries of our universe.

History of the Hubble.

In 1969, NASA approved the Large Space Telescope Project. In 1975,
NASA and the European Space Agency began working on plans
for the Hubble Space Telescope. In 1977, Congress approved
funding for the the telescope. After production began, the telescope
was named Hubble, after Edwin Hubble who proved the existence of
other galaxies and later went on to prove the expanding universe
theory. After four years of delay, the Hubble finally launched into
orbit, and encountered minor problems which were then corrected.

Creation of the Hubble.

In 1923, German scientist Hermann Oberth proposed the idea of
blasting a telescope into space aboard a rocket. In 1946,
Lyman Spitzer Jr. wrote a paper proposing the idea of a space observatory.
Spitzer worked relentlessly to make the space shuttle a reality.
Various corporations and companies were
hired to assemble and oversee the creation of the Hubble.

"One of histories most important observatories"

Because our atmosphere distorts our perception of deep space, a space telescope
is able to capture elements of space we previously couldn't perceive. The Hubble
lies 353 miles beyond the Earth's surface, far beyond the atmosphere. The Hubble
has the ability to capture images of our universe in incredible detail, offering insight
into new and old theories. It has aided in the discovery of dark matter, as well as
the age of the universe which is now settled as 13 to 14 billion years old, as opposed
to the previous 10-20 billion range. The Hubble has captured images of young galaxies,
which has helped astronomers identify how galaxies are formed. These are a few of
Hubble's contributions to astronomy. Over 6,000 articles have been published based
on Hubble's data.

The James Webb Space Telescope

The James Webb Space Telescope is Hubble's succesor, and will be launched in
2014. The telescope will orbit millions of miles from Earth, and promises to
unlock many more mysteries about our universe. The telescope detects infrared,
and is thus able to see extremely far distances.

Personal Views

The Hubble Space Telescope has opened many doors in the world of astronomy,
and with the launch of the James Webb Telescope, we will soon learn about
many more theories of our universe. Because the Hubble has unlocked so
much about our universe, we are left with more questions about things such
as extraterrestrial life and the birth of our universe. Hopefully the Webb telescope
will aid us in our search for answers.

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Works Cited